Tag Archives: Siddhi
The marital status of Lord Ganesha is uncertain based on mythological texts. Lord Ganesha is the Lord of the Brahmins and hence by this virtue a celibate. The vedic mantra- Aum, is believed to be the mantra to lead Brahmins and is synonymous with Lord Ganesha. His celibacy is more commonly known in the South of India (states like Tamil Nadu, Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh and Kerela). Since Lord Ganesha was created out of Goddess Parvati alone and not Lord Shiva, he was born out of the female desire to procreate. Hence the relationship of Lord Ganesha with his mother is believed to be unique and special. This devotion and respect is the reason Lord Ganesha is believed to have never found a woman as perfect as his mother.
However, particularly in northern India, Ganesha is believed to have consorts. He is believed to be married to Brahma’s daughter Buddhi and Siddhi. “Buddhi” means intellect and “Siddhi” means spiritual power. Since Lord Ganesha is believed to be the Lord of wisdom and spiritual knowledge, the consorts are befitting.
The scriptures that are dedicated to Lord Ganesha (the Ganesha Purana and the Mudgala Purana) depict the presence of Siddhi and Buddhi. According to the Ganesha Purana Lord Brahma was performing a ritual in honour of Lord Ganesha and offered his prayers to him. Two of the offerings were his daughters, Buddhi and Siddhi that Lord Ganesha accepted graciously as his wives. Various deities offered gifts to Lord Ganesha in his honour but Lord Brahma offered what was born from his mind. It is also mentioned in the Ganesha Purana that Narada (the son of Brahmin) suggested the nuptials of Ganesha with Riddhi and Siddhi, to Brahma. Some ancient texts indicate that Siddhi and Riddhi are avatars of Shakti, but the Matsayapurana contradicts this claim. The Brahmavaivartapurana also mentions Lord Ganesha’s marriage to Pushti (another name for Siddhi).
Siddhi and Buddhi are known as Siddhi and Riddhi in Shiva Purana. As per the Shiva Purana, Lord Ganesha won his consorts as a prize during a race with his elder brother Skanda (Lord Kartikeyan). The race was declared by their mother Parvati who promised the winner an auspicious marriage that will bring him prosperity. The race was to travel the universe three times. Skanda mounted on his peacock to encircle the world. Lord Ganesha went around his parents instead. For his guile, Lord Ganesha was married to Riddhi and Siddhi.
The consorts of Lord Ganesha are an extension of his existing virtues and accentuate the same. Riddhi accentuates prosperity and intellect and Siddhi highlights spiritual power of Lord Ganesha. It is believed that whoever receives the blessings of Lord Ganesha is also blessed by his wives. Hence one may say that Lord Ganesha’s consorts complete him.
Lord Ganesha is more popularly known as a celibate and as the king of Brahmins. But the Mudgal Purana talks about his marriage to Brahma’s daughters – Riddhi (prosperity) and Siddhi (wealth). The Shiva Purana has evidence of Lord Ganesha having two sons. Not just the scholars but the different scriptures dedicated to Lord Ganesha quote different versions about his bachelorhood. There are some temples that have idols of Lord Ganesha placed with his wives and sons.
Lord Brahma conducted the wedding of Lord Ganesha’s to Riddhi and Sidhi. In due course of time Kshema and Labh were born. It is also known that Lord Ganesha had a daughter called Santoshi Ma,. Santoshi Ma is known as the goddess of satisfaction. Even though the myth is popular, there is no evidence of Ganesha’s daughter in any scripture. As mentioned the birth of Lord Ganesha’s son is given in the Shiva Purana.
Kshema was born to Lord Ganesha and Riddhi. He is known as the God of prosperity. Labh was born to Siddhi and Lord Ganesha. Labh is the God of profit. Labh is also known as the giver of the biggest profit and Kshema is the protector of that bounty. Kshema is also known as Shubh (auspicious). Ganesha (wisdom) and Riddhi (Intellect) created Shubh (auspiciousness) and Ganesha (knowledge) and Siddhi (Spiritual wellbeing) created Labh (Profit). Intelligence as a quality can only be auspicious or work in favour of anyone, if guided with wisdom. Therefore Lord Ganesha is called the Lord or the owner of the attributes that his sons and wives have. Matsaya Purana refers to Kshema and Labh as Lord Ganesha’s helpers.
When we say that Lord Ganesha is the lord of wisdom, wealth, prosperity, knowledge and profit, we can see that the members of his family mean each of these words. The mantra recited on Ganesh Chatturthi invites Lord Ganesha with his wives (Riddhi and Siddhi) and his sons (Kshema and Labh). The mantra (Om Sri Ganeshav Namah, Riddhi Siddhi Shubh Labh) means that we invite Lord Ganesha with his whole family to bless us. Devotees believe that if Lord Ganesha comes alone he will not stay for long and would go back to his family. So the invitation to the entire family makes Lord Ganesha stay with his devotees.
The story of Lord Ganesha’s sons may be debatable but the attributes of Kshema and Labh are a reflection to that of Lord Ganesha.
In Indian mythology there are so many stories about Ganesha that determining his proper marital status is quite difficult and may easily be considered as a subject eligible for scholarly reviews. There are some myths that depict Ganesha as a confirmed bachelor – a bramhachari without any consort. While there are also some stories that shows him as the husband of Riddhi and Siddhi – known as the goddesses of prosperity and spiritual power respectively.
As per Mudgala Purana and Ganesha purana Riddhi and Siddhi are born from the mind of Bramha – the creator of the universe and were offered to Ganesha as his consorts by the creator himself. Ganesha accepted them as his wives and in many part of north India they accompany Ganesha but there is actually no rituals associated with Shakti worship to worship them. The story that relates Riddhi and Siddhi as lord Ganesha’s wife is quite interesting and fascinating at the same time.
As Ganesha has an elephant head on his shoulders no girl was ready to marry him and the absence of a consort made him really angry. Out of frustration Ganesha started to create problems in the marriages of other demigods and asked his rat to dig up the path though which their marriage procession will pass. The demigods faced innumerable hardship to reach their bride’s houses and ultimately complained to Brahma who took the responsibility of solving the problem. To bring the situation under control Brahma created two beautiful women Riddhi and Siddhi to accompany Ganesha as his consorts and Ganesha was ultimately satisfied with the offerings.
In Hindu pantheon Riddhi is the goddess of wealth and prosperity and Siddhi stands for intellectual and spiritual powers – the ultimate goal of this mortal world and the means of achieving that. Anybody who satisfies Ganesha with his devotion and prayer are also blessed by Riddhi and Siddhi and can attain every success in their life. in Riddhi and Siddhi Ganesha had two sons – Subha the auspicious and labha, the profit. Ganesha has also one daughter – Santoshi Mata or the goddess of satisfaction.
There is another story describing Ganesha’s marriage with Riddhi and Siddhi and that is both Ganesha and his brother Kartikeya were rivals for marrying Siddhi and Riddhi. In order to decide who will get their hands a race was arranged in which both of them were to circle the globe and who comes first will get the twin girls. Promptly Kartikeya went away riding his peacock. But instead of following him Ganesha started circling round his parent lord Shiva and goddess Parvathi and when asked why he did so he said that his parents were the universe in themselves and by circling around his parents he has circled around the universe. No one even the great scholar Narada had any answer to this and thus there was no other way but to marry him with the twin girls Riddhi and Siddhi. When Kartikeya returned home Ganesha was already married and Kartikeya had to satisfy himself by listening to stories of how he lost to greater wisdom and intelligence.